Country Results

The Malawi Malaria Behavior Survey was fielded in May through July 2021. Survey results were analyzed in coordination with the National Malaria Control Program and were released in 2023. The survey was carried out by the Breakthrough ACTION project in Malawi in collaboration with the National Malaria Control Program, the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative, and several other local organizations.

Study Zones

Survey Zones and Respondents

Individual respondents

Key behaviors at a glance


of caregivers of children under five with fever sought prompt and appropriate care the same day or the next day

  • Knowledge: Respondents with correct knowledge of malaria care-seeking were 1.6 times more likely to seek prompt and appropriate care. 

  • Response efficacy: About two-thirds of respondents (63%) believed that a blood test is the only way to properly diagnose malaria.


of respondents used a mosquito net every night of the week

  • Self-efficacy: Respondents were more than twice (2.4 times) as likely to consistently use a net if they felt confident in their ability.

  • Positive attitudes: Respondents who reported a positive attitude toward the use of ITNs were 1.3 times more likely to sleep under one every night.


of pregnant women received three or more doses of IPTp

  • Response efficacy: 95% of women perceived that IPTp was efficacious to prevent malaria in pregnancy.

  • Social norms: 75% and 69% of respondents perceived that at least four ANC visits and the receipt of IPTp were the norm in their community, respectively.


Results Brief


2022 Results Brief [Coming soon]

Survey Report


2021 Survey Report



2021 Questionnaires

MBS datasets can be downloaded from the USAID Development Data Library (DDL). External links are added to this site as datasets are made available.