Country Results

The Cameroon Malaria Behavior Survey was fielded between September 5 and October 1, 2019. Survey results were analyzed in coordination with the National Malaria Control Program and released in 2020. The survey was carried out by the Breakthrough ACTION project in Cameroon in collaboration with the National Malaria Control Program, the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative, and several other local organizations.

Study Zones

Survey Zones and Respondents

Individual respondents

Key Behavioral Determinants at a Glance


of febrile children under five were brought to a health facility or community health worker first, the same or next day

  • Perceived benefit: Respondents who do not start by giving the child medication they have at home when their child has fever were nearly twice as likely to seek care promptly than their counterparts who agreed they would start medication they have at home.

  • Social norm: Those who perceived prompt care-seeking for fever as the norm in their community were 43% more likely to seek care appropriately than those who do not perceive it as a norm.


of households with sufficient nets used them every night the week

  • Self-efficacy: In the North Region, people were 8 times more likely to consistently use a net if they believed they had the ability for this behavior and 1.8 times more likely in the Far North Region.

  • Perceived risk: In the North, those who felt susceptible to malaria were 4 times more likely to regularly sleep under an ITN and in the Far North Region 2.3 times more likely.


of pregnant women received 3+ doses of IPTp

  • Knowledge: Knowing the recommended number of IPTp doses increased the odds of intending to obtain IPTp during future pregnancies by 1.9 times in the North Region and 3 times in the Far North.

  • Knowledge: Only 47% of women in the North Region and 51% in the Far North Region were aware that antenatal care should start as soon as a woman becomes pregnant.


Results Brief


2019 Results Brief

Survey Report


2019 Survey Report



2019 Questionnaires

MBS datasets can be downloaded from the USAID Development Data Library (DDL).